Dogs and children can become the most inseparable friends. We have repeatedly written about how to choose a dog for a child. And today we want to talk about the main rules of behavior with dogs for children. After all, a new furry family member should be greeted by a child not only with enthusiasm, but also with knowledge of how to care for and handle an animal. Read more about dog training for children.
The easiest way to make a child feel like a full-fledged master is to include him in the circle of those who perform dailysomedog related matters. Dogs need to be fed, combed and trained - these simple tasks for younger members of the family are certainly within their powers.
If the kids are still small to perform serious dog training, there are other ways to make the baby friends with the animals. In any case, children can and should be present in the process of dog training, helping with the simplest commands.
Teach children to give basic commands to dogs.
Of course, the full responsibility for training the animal lies with adults, but children do not need to be separated from this process. The basic commands - to sit, lie down, to me and near - the dog can learn with the child, naturally, under the supervision of the parent. These small tasks make the child feel like a master. Tip: during training, use treats for dogs.
To teach the dog to sit, parents must first teach the child to hold the treat over the dog's nose, slowly starting it over his head. Following the meal, the animal will lean back and sit down. As soon as it does, it is necessary to praise and give it a treat.
To teach your dog the command "near" (on a leash), keep a treat or favorite dog toy high, at waist level. Say "let's go" and start walking. The dog will follow the treat or toy, and follow you.
To teach the dog the command "lie", you need to keep the treat at her right in front of his nose. Put your hand on the ground so that the dog also falls behind. As soon as the dog lies down, praise and give treats.
Older children can move on to more difficult workouts.For example, the "sit" command can be complicated by adding"Sit-place". This means that the dog will sit still after the base command has been completed and will remain in this position if you step back a few steps and then come back. The number of steps and time can be increased as the training advances.
During these sessions, the connection between the dog and the child is enhanced. The child learns to communicate with the dog, and the dog learns to understand and perceive the child as the owner. If the child is old enough, he can go with his pet to classes with a dog handler or train a dog for exhibitions in special groups. In America, for example, there are such groups for children from 7 years of age.
Involve children in dog care
As soon as your dog begins to respond well to the basic commands to sit and lie down, involve the baby in the feeding process. Ask him to give the dog a command.sit-placeuntil you put a bowl of food and water, and then call the dog. Show the correct model of treats and feeding the dog. If there isanyproblems, for example, a dog bites when a child gives it a treat or at another time, explainthat in no case need to react aggressively or offend the dog. He just has to tell you right away ifsomethingnot this way. When the child behaves correctly with the dog, mark it and praise it. It is very important to teach the child to treat the animal well, observing simple rules: do not pick up food, a toy when the dog plays, do not teaseetc.
Combine entertainment and learning
Sometimes fun games can serve as an extra workout. A simple hide-and-seek game helps improve dog responsiveness. When several people (children) are playing, fill the child’s pocket with treats for the dog. It must be a pocket, not a basket or a plate, because the animal may want to eat everything at once and the game will end there. The child stands in the central room of the house and calls the dog. When the dog finds the child, it must be planted and only after that it is given a treat. Now the other person is hiding and calling the dog, and so on. When the animal has mastered the rules of the game, you can complicate the game and hide in more hidden places.
Another game - the "substitution." It can be played after the dog has mastered the “quit” command.The point is to bring the ball thrown by the owner (child) and release it by executing the “quit” command. Now you need to show the second ball and give the command "sit". After that we throw the second ball, and when the dog brings it, we do all the same steps and return to the first ball, and so on in a circle. Joint games will help to make friends with the child and the dog.
Let the child be an active participant in the life of the dog.
To feel all the responsibility for the animal that has become part of the family, the child must know all the worries and tasks necessary for the dog every day. You can take it with you to walk the dog, telling how and where it is more correct to walk. Avoid noisy crowded streets, walking more in parks and squares. If you are still afraid to trust the dog to the child completely, hook two leashes to the collar or to the strap - for yourself and for the child. Depending on the size of the dog and the child, the ability to independently walk the dog may be different, so parents should control the process. If you have not chosen a dog yet, pay attention to the 6 best dog breeds for families with small children.
Try not to use a lead-tape measure, as it can be dangerous if the child’s fingers get tangled in it. Also try to teach your child to walk around other dogs. Even if your pet is very friendly, you don’t know other dogs, so the situation may become unsafe. Keep your dog close using a leash with a small yardage. Daily walks can begin with small stretches.down upalong the street, gradually increasing the distance for the whole quarter. The older the dog, the more she wants to walk. Teach this rule and child.
Dogs can even swim with children if you have a pool at home. If not, check if the dogs can swim in the local river. The main thing is to make sure that both the animal and the child can swim, otherwise you will have to wear vests on both. A great game with a dog for a child can be a ball game or a frisbee. Or you can playpalm target. If there are many children in the park, they need to run up to a sufficient distance and give the dog a command “touch” so that it touches the palm of the child with a wet nose, running from one to another.For the task you can treat the dog.
Older children, if desired, can build a small obstacle course in the yard and teach the dog to overcome it. This is an excellent training for both, strengthening not only the body and spirit, but also the relationship between the pet and the owner.