Allergic conjunctivitis in children

Allergic conjunctivitis in children

What is allergic in a child, how to distinguish it from an infectious, as well as what to do and how to treat allergic conjunctivitis in children, read the article.

Allergic conjunctivitis in children is one of the common childhood diseases. What is surprising, modern ecology is far from ideal, therefore, often the tendency to the manifestation of allergy in a child arises literally from birth.

About what is allergic conjunctivitis in children and how to treat it properly - in our today's material.

Allergic conjunctivitis in children: what it is

Allergic conjunctivitis in children is inflammation caused by the allergen of the connective tissue sheath (conjunctiva) that covers our eyes and eyelid from the inside.

The disease is common among children, an allergic reaction may occur in response to a household, natural, food or chemical irritant. According to statistics, 80-90% of people suffering from allergies, is allergic conjunctivitis.

As an allergen in allergic conjunctivitis in a child may be:

  • dust,
  • pet hair,
  • mold fungi,
  • plant pollen,
  • volatile aromatic compounds (varnishes, paints),
  • tobacco smoke,
  • food products.

Allergic conjunctivitis in children: types and manifestations

Allergic conjunctivitis in children is of several types:

  • seasonal,
  • contact,
  • year-round.

Seasonal Allergic Conjunctivitisin children occurs most often in the period of spring flowering. In plants and trees, pollen appears, small particles of which fly in the air, and, falling on the mucous membrane, cause an allergic reaction. This type of conjunctivitis disappears as soon as the time of active flowering ends and rarely occurs at other times of the year.

Contact allergic conjunctivitisin children, occurs when the eye comes into contact with an irritant. Most often the disease manifests itself when a child has an allergy to the active substance: when using ointments, cosmetics, eye drops, solutions for contact lenses.

Year-round allergic conjunctivitisThe child may occur at any time of the year, but most often it occurs during a period of weakened immunity. This disease is a reaction to an allergen that the child constantly encounters: house dust, mold in the bathroom, animal hair, house plants.

Allergic conjunctivitis in children: symptoms photo

Read also: We are looking for allergens in the children's room

Allergic conjunctivitis in children: symptoms

Symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis in children are manifestations such as:

  • dry eye mucosa,
  • feeling of "sand"
  • redness,
  • cramps and soreness when moving eyes,
  • perhaps an increase in the secretion of tear fluid (most often in the early stages of the disease);
  • clear, mucous, less filamentary, viscous discharge (if an infection is added to an allergic inflammation, pus may accumulate in the corners of the eyes);
  • increased visual fatigue.

As a rule, in allergic conjunctivitis in children both eyes are affected equally, but sometimes one eye may be more inflamed than the other.

Often, the condition is not limited to damage to the eyes. Along with this condition, allergic rhinitis also develops.

Allergic conjunctivitis in children: symptoms photo

Allergic conjunctivitis in children: diagnosis

It is necessary to begin the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis in children with an accurate diagnosis.

First you need to make sure that the cause of conjunctivitis is in the allergen, and not in a bacterial or viral infection.

To do this, pass the following tests:

  • general blood analysis
  • analysis of discharge from the eye

When it is known for certain that the child has allergic conjunctivitis, then it is necessary to identify which allergen causes the taak reaction.

After all, in order that the disease no longer bothers the child, it is necessary to understand what exactly this allergic reaction occurs to and, if possible, eliminate interaction with an irritant.

In this situation, an ophthalmologist can cure the disease, but an allergist who, after examination, will send the child to tests to determine the allergen. For analysis, a child is given allergy tests on the skin (a needle test) or they take blood from a vein to determine which substances have an allergic reaction.

Allergic conjunctivitis in children

Allergic rhinitis in a child: treatment

If it is possible to determine the allergen as accurately as possible, as a result of which an allergic conjunctivitis occurs in a child, no, it is worthwhile topreventive measures:

  • as often as possible to carry out wet cleaning in the apartment,
     
  • remove all carpets, soft toys and heavy curtains (this minimizes the child's interaction with dust and dust mites),
     
  • wash curtains and tulle on windows as often as possible, wash and moisten mosquito nets daily (to remove allergens accumulated on them, and due to a damp surface, do not allow to penetrate the room);
     
  • to exclude the child's communication with pets, interaction with their food;
     
  • review the child’s diet and eliminate the presence of allergenic foods on the menu as much as possible;
     
  • during flowering pores, if possible, go to another climatic zone, if there is no such opportunity to try not to walk in windy, dry weather, after a walk, be sure to take a shower, wash your nose, wash, wash hair, wash clothes and wash shoes;
     
  • take antihistamines both orally in the form of tablets and in the form of anti-allergic drops in the eyes (as recommended by the doctor);
     
  • specific hyposensitization (the method of treatment, when the patient is gradually administered various doses of the allergen, as a result of which he has a decrease in the manifestations of allergy).

And yet, the best treatment for allergic conjunctivitis in children is the elimination of the allergen to which the child reacts.Without this item, allergic conjunctivitis in children will return regularly, and medication can only be reduced.

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  • Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children

    Allergic conjunctivitis in children