During the breastfeeding period, each woman tries to be as attentive as possible to the choice of food, cosmetics, medicines and contraceptives.
After all, everything that enters the mother's body is somehow present in breast milk that the baby eats.
One of the most difficult questions for every mother is the question of choice.safe and efficientmethod of contraception during breastfeeding.
Today we suggest you talk about contraception during breastfeeding: what it is, what means are the safest and most effective, is it true that during breastfeeding there are very low chances of getting pregnant?
See also:Breastfeeding after cesarean section
Lactation as a contraceptive method: important points
Probably, many women have heard the mysterious phrase from their mothers and grandmothers:while you feed - you will not get pregnant. Indeed, in some women it happens, but in others - pregnancy occurs during HB. This is due to the fact that the reproductive function of each woman after childbirth is restored individually.
Lactationcan be a contraceptive method only if:
The presence of these factors does not guarantee that pregnancy does not exactly come. Therefore, if you do not plan to re-pregnancy in the near future, it is better to resort to other, more effectivecontraceptives that are compatible with breastfeeding.
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HB-compatible contraceptive methods
Important!Before you start using this or that contraceptive after birth during breastfeeding,It is necessary to consult with a gynecologist and a pediatrician, these specialists will help you choose the most effective and safe method of contraception for mothers and children.
1. Sterilization.This method may be relevant in the event that you no longer plan to give birth to babies at all. But, if sterilization is already done, there is no going back, so this method is quite radical.
2. Intrauterine device.This is a highly effective method that is absolutely compatible with breastfeeding. The spiral usually does not bring discomfort and does not give side effects, it does not affect the quality of milk.
Mom forumwoman Ella says:“I wanted to put a non-hormonal spiral right after the birth, but when I went to the gynecologist's appointment a month after the birth, she told me that the spiral could be set no earlier than in 4-5 months. When the puffiness subsides, we can see me normally, take tests, when the monthly period goes. Until that time, she recommended me to use barrier contraception or to take non-combined hormonal pills. I chose the second, happy. "
3Hormonal contraceptives.These are pills, injections, hormonal intrauterine devices, plasters and so on. This method gives almost 100% effect. For nursing mothers, it is possible to use progesterone-containing drugs, they are the least harmful and do not affect the amount of milk produced, while, combined contraceptives containing not only progestin, but also estrogen, can suppress lactation. Hormonal contraceptives do not affect the quality of milk.
Irina Kolpakova, pediatrician, homeopath - Homeopathic Center named. Demyana Popova:«Hormonal methods of contraception during lactation, I do not recommend. After all, the hormones contained in candles, tablets, patches, intrauterine devices, interfere with the normal operation of the endocrine system of a woman and her infant. "
4. Barrier methods:condoms, diaphragms and so on. It is also a highly efficient method, provided that these or other means are used correctly.
Irina Kolpakova, pediatrician, homeopath - Homeopathic Center named. Demyana Popova:«Barrier contraception: a condom, diaphragm or sponge, universal and the most harmless methods of protection,both in relation to the health of the woman and the health of the baby whom she nurses».
5. Spermicides.This means of chemical contraception, represented by gels, candles. Their efficiency is about 50-60%. Spermicides are applied topically. The substances contained in these preparations destroy spermatozoa and lead to their death. These substances are almost not absorbed into the blood, so they cannot affect the quality of milk. In the first 6 months of breastfeeding, provided that menstruation has not yet resumed, spermicides can be used as an independent method of contraception, and later in combination with other means.
6. Emergency contraception.This type of contraception is undesirable when breastfeeding, but it is possible. There are special drugs that you can drink within 72 hours after unprotected sex and protect yourself from unwanted pregnancy.
7. Natural contraception.This is the calculation of the so-called "safe days" in a cycle in which it is impossible to get pregnant. The effectiveness of this method is small, but it is 100% safe for mother and child, as well as absolutely physiological.
Irina Kolpakova, pediatrician, homeopath - Homeopathic Center named. Demyana Popova:«Not every nursing mother can take advantage of the “safe days”, as the menstrual cycle is often absent or not regular during lactation. What are "safe days"? This is the period between the end of menstruation and the onset of ovulation. A woman can become pregnant only when a new egg that is ready for fertilization comes out of the ovary. The release of the egg in the "free swimming" is called ovulation. Ovulation occurs in the middle of the menstrual cycle, that is, with a cycle of 21 days - 10-11 days from the start of menstruation, with a cycle of 28 days - on the 14th day. It should be remembered that the spermatozoa, being in the female genital tract, retain their ability to fertilize for about 72 hours, that is, for 3 days. Thus, a woman with a 28-day cycle "safe days" ends 3 days before ovulation, that is, 10-11 days from the start of menstruation. "
Contraception during breastfeeding is a difficult question, so you should not make any independent decisions in this regard, because the health of the mother and the health of the mother depend on the chosen method of contraception.