Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

Probably, you remember how worried when you noticed that the baby has red eyes, he began to complain of burning and itching.

Then it turned out that the cause of conjunctivitis, or, more simply, eye inflammation. This disease is quite common in children and adults.

What are the causes of this disease, how is it manifested, how to treat it? Let's figure it out.

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Conjunctivitis and its causes

Conjunctivitis - It is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the lining of the inner surface of the eyelid and the anterior surface of the eyeball. In most cases, conjunctivitis occurs due to bacteria, viruses, or allergies.

Olga Tretyakova, pediatrician, doctor of medical sciences, professor:«Conjunctivitis can occur with:bacterial (staphylococci, streptococci, gonococci, etc.), chlamydial or fungal infections: an infectious agent can get into the conjunctiva if the child rubs his eyes with dirty hands, bathes in a polluted pond,viral infectionallergies, overwork (watching TV, playing games on a computer, etc.) and hypothermia,myopia and astigmatism,avitaminosis, metabolic disorders,chronic diseases of the nose and tear ducts ".

Mom-forumchanika Larisa shared her story:“When my son was 5 years old, we went to visit my grandmother in the summer. There my son bathed in the pond from the heart, diving a lot with local kids. So, the local children have nothing, they have immunity, and he has conjunctivitis, he has been treated for five days. ”

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Symptoms of conjunctivitis in children

Conjunctivitis usually begins abruptly, very often it is found in the morning: the eye is red, "soured." In most cases, one eye is affected first, and then the second.

Amongmain symptoms of conjunctivitisyou can note:

  • feeling of sand in the eye;
  • itching, burning in the eye;
  • redness of the eyes, lacrimation;
  • unpleasant sensations in bright light;
  • "Souring" of the eyes - a collection of mucopurulent discharge at the edges of the eyes;
  • swollen eyelids;
  • possible increase in temperature, deterioration of the general condition.

If correctly and in time to treat conjunctivitis, then it usually passes quickly, within a week without any complications. But it happens that complications arise -keratitis- inflammation of the cornea caused by herpes, adenovirus, gonococcus, or other viruses. The consequence of this complication may be clouding of the cornea of ​​the eyes, as well as blurred vision. It is because of the risk of complications in conjunctivitis that it is not recommended to self-medicate, it is better to seek advice from a doctor.

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Treatment of conjunctivitis in children

If you notice symptoms of conjunctivitis in a child, consult a doctor. You can call the doctor at home or get advice by phone, although, of course, a doctor's examination is very desirable.

Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment - image №1

Usually for the treatment of conjunctivitis in children recommend:

  • rinse eyes 2-4 times a day with a solution of nitrofural, 2% boric acid, a weak solution of potassium permanganate;
  • bury eyes with special drops: sulfacetamide, chloramphenicol drops, zinc sulfate solution, antibiotic solutions;
  • for the night, you can lay in the eyelid tetracycline ointment or calendula ointment;
  • for viral conjunctivitis, it is advised to use antiviral drops and ointments.

Important!Do not start conjunctivitis treatment without consulting a doctor. Only a doctor can prescribe the correct treatment.

Folk remedies for conjunctivitis

There are many popular recipes for conjunctivitis. One of the most popular is eye wash with chamomile extract and tea brewing (although now the doctors criticize this method, because after a few hours, tannides begin to appear in brewed tea - substances harmful to the body; therefore, you can only use fresh tea leaves).

Camomile tea.Cook 2-3 tbsp. Chamomile flowers 1 cup of boiling water, leave for 1 hour with the lid closed, strain. It is recommended to wash the eyes 2-4 times a day.

Before using traditional methods for the treatment of conjunctivitis, it is also advisable to consult a doctor.

Read also:Pediculosis in a child: how to act

Prevention of conjunctivitis in children

To prevent conjunctivitis in your baby, be sure to wash your hands before contact with your baby. Teach your child to the fact that you should not touch your eyes with dirty hands, and when diving in ponds, eyes should be closed. Regularly carry out the house wet cleaning, air.

Conjunctivitis is an unpleasant disease, but you can get rid of it quickly enough if you see a doctor at the first symptoms and start the recommended treatment.

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  • Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment

    Conjunctivitis in a child: causes and treatment