Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds

Eye examination of a first grader: the risk of six-year-olds?

Every year the vision of younger schoolchildren deteriorates. You can help your child maintain sharp eyesight for life! Children's eye examination is an important task for young parents.

Today's children are experiencing increased stress on the visual apparatus almost from birth. Cartoons on TV, computer tutorials, and then games, programs for early reading and writing. Even the fact that children began to be sent to school not at the age of seven, but at the age of six, significantly increased the risk of becoming myopic already at a junior school age. The eyes of a first grader are constantly overloaded! Therefore, the vision of younger students falls from the very beginning of their studies.

Read also:Myopia in children: prevention and treatment

Visual impairment in primary school children

While the child is small, it is not so important how clearly he sees objects - for his playing this is not fundamental. When he goes to school, the visual acuity factor becomes decisive.The student needs to see what the teacher is writing on the blackboard - this requires considerable eyestrain, because not everyone in the class sits comfortably enough so that the lamps or sunlight will not shine, and each letter was at a glance. School textbooks are rarely suitable for the view of younger schoolchildren and are usually published in far from large print. And the notebooks that parents buy for a child before the first of September often do not meet the standards of health (yes, it depends on the width and color of the cells and the tickers what the vision of the younger students will be).

It is also impossible to disregard the fact that the first-grader has to strain his eyes not an hour a day, but at least four - with short interruptions. And then another homework, which is often performed late in the evening and far from ideal lighting. And not at the "right" desktop, but sitting in the kitchen or lying on the couch. And before or after - computer games or watching TV. All this provokes visual impairment in children - eyes are tense for a whole day.

Visual impairment in a child: why risk six-year-olds?

In young children, the proportions of the eyeball are not the same as in adults. The younger the child, the smaller the longitudinal size of the eyeball, and the image focuses behind the retina, not on it. Therefore, for children physiological weak-sight farsightedness. It comes down to a minimum at the age of four years, but in order to work normally with writing and reading at a short distance from the eyes, vision is optimal only by the age of 7-8. A child at the age of six strains his eyes too much while working with textbooks and notebooks for a long time, and thus risks becoming short-sighted.

The vision of younger students depends on ... the table

In order for the distance between the eye and the object of observation to be optimal, it is necessary to teach the child how to sit properly. This will help keep your back healthy as well. It is necessary to sit on a chair so that the back rests fully on its back (when the child writes, the lumbar region rests). The legs should be bent at the knees and evenly stand on the floor or, if necessary, on a pedestal stand, and elbows and forearms should lie free on the table.
Attention! The distance from the eyes to the book lying on the table should be equal to the length of the arm from the elbow to the fingertips of the child. It is important to take care of proper lighting.It is better to place the writing table so that the light from the window falls on its surface on the left (for a left-handed person - on the right). By the same principle, a desk lamp is placed on the table. Try not to combine daylight and artificial light. But if a schoolboy does homework in the evening, turn on not only the desk lamp, but also the overhead lighting.

Go for a walk!

A survey conducted among schoolchildren showed that children spend most of their free time at the TV or computer, some behind the book. Walking in the fresh air in the life of a student is almost absent. It is on the street, in large spaces, the eyes rest best.
Green foliage is useful for vision, as well as the absence of clear geometric forms and the ability to look into the distance. The child must pay walks at least an hour a day, and certainly in the daytime. A schoolboy who spent an extra hour on the street will always be healthier than the one who spent that time behind a textbook. Visual impairment in a child is directly related to sitting behind notebooks and a computer!

Read also:Baby eye care: advice from an ophthalmologist

Exercises for the eyes for children

It is worth starting with hygiene reading and writing.Every 15-20 minutes of working with small text should be distracted and look out the window. Remove the spasm, relax the eyes and with regular performance, even improve vision will help the following exercises.

  1. Attach a circle on the window of bright paper, better than green. When the child is distracted from the book, ask him to look first at the circle, and then at any object outside the window. And so repeat at least 10 times.
  2. When the eyes are tired, they need to squeeze and open with an effort. Repeat the exercise 10 times.
  3. Extend the right hand in front of you, clenching it into a fist and putting your thumb up. To drive a hand against the left and to the left, then up and down. Eyes follow the thumb. Repeat 10 times in each direction.
  4. Move the eyeballs (without closing the eyes) up and down, left and right, diagonally, rotate clockwise and against it. 10 times in each direction.
  5. When overstressing or while reading, cover your face with your palms so that total darkness appears under your palms. Do not lower the eyelids - eyes open. Move the eyeballs as if you write some word with them. Repeat for a minute.
  6. Gently massage the eyeballs (eyelids lowered) for 30 seconds clockwise and the same amount of time against it.
  7. To blink quickly and without tension - this will relieve fatigue.

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  • Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds

    Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds

    Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds

    Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds

    Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds

    Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds

    Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds

    Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds

    Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds

    Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds

    Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds Eye examination at the first grader: the risk of six-year-olds