Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

Screening during pregnancy: when, how and why?

 

Every future mother wants her baby to develop properly, be born healthy and on time.

To determine the state of health of the baby in the womb, the doctors came up with a special screening for pregnant women, which is carried out in the first, second and third trimesters of pregnancy.

Today we will learn what screening is, when it is done, why and how?

Read also:Uterus tone: causes, treatment and prevention during pregnancy

What is screening during pregnancy?

Screening during pregnancyThis is a set of examinations in the first, second and third trimesters, which makes it possible to preliminarily assess the risk of the development of various pathologies in the future child.

Larisa Geraskevich, obstetrician-gynecologist of the highest category of the ADONIS FAMILY Medical Center:«Skrin_ng pіd hour vagіnnost_ - tse kompleksne doslіdzhenіnnya, yak includes in itself the dataTsei analiz daz mozhnіst otnachititi vіtnih, supposed to enter at the site of the group the riser of chromosomes captured by the fetus; on an hour, direct them to a prenatal prenatal diagnosis, and to give the result of a chromosomal fetus. If genetic rations are taken, the fathers can take a decision і until 21-22 of the vagnosti, after medical shows, interrupt the vagina ”.

To date, screening is recommended to do absolutely all women. But special attention is given to expectant mothers over the age of 35, as well as to women who have had spontaneous miscarriages in the history of the disease, fetal death of a child, birth of children with disabilities, anomalies, or the presence of people with genetic abnormalities or anomalies among close relatives.

Mom-forumwoman Alisa shared her story:“When I got pregnant, I first heard the word screening, the doctor immediately told me what it was, why it was needed, gave directions to the initial research, we together filled out a special questionnaire. When I told my mother about it, she was just in a panic, especially she didn’t like what I would have to do during the pregnancy as many as three ultrasounds.She was very worried that it was harmful for the child, but I immediately found it and answered: mother, I think, is much more harmful for the child and will not know for us in advance that the baby has any abnormalities, the doctors know what they are doing. , take it easy. Mom was frightened and answered: I do not know, I gave birth to you without any ultrasound there, and everything is all right, I was born healthy. ”

Screening during pregnancy: when, how and why? - image number 1

Read also:Discharges during pregnancy: types, causes and effects

First screening

The first screening is recommended in 10-14 weeks. The first screening includes:

  • Ultrasound, during which the physician uzist evaluates the parameters of the fetus, based on these parameters, he makes a preliminary conclusion about the presence or absence of genetic and other diseases;
  • biochemical blood test for hormones, which also helps the specialist to understand whether the fetus has abnormalities.

If the results of these studies are not entirely satisfactory, the doctor will tell you about this and, most likely, will prescribe repeated or additional studies.

It is important to understand that even if your results indicate deviations from the norm - this indicates that there is a sufficient risk of impairments in the development of the child.Your doctor will tell you what to do next, based on your health condition, age and other indicators.

Second screening

The second screening is prescribed for 14-20 weeks of pregnancy. The second screening includes:

  • biochemical blood test for hormones;
  • Ultrasound.

This time, a comprehensive analysis of the results of the first and second screening is carried out, taking into account the data of the pregnant woman’s questionnaire, which indicates the woman’s age, weight, bad habits, past illnesses, treatment during pregnancy, weight gain and more. After analyzing the results, the specialist issues a conclusion, which indicates the degree of risk of having a baby with congenital abnormalities and developmental abnormalities.

Screening during pregnancy: when, how and why? - image number 2

Read also:Determining the child’s sex

Third screening

This screening can be called prenatal. It includes:

  • Ultrasound on a period of 30-34 weeks;
  • doplerometry for a period of 24-30 weeks - helps to assess whether enough food and oxygen gets the baby through the placenta;
  • cardiotocography after the 34th week - this study helps to determine the heart rate of the baby and the tone of the uterus.

The third screening helps doctors roughly predict the mass of the fetus at birth, as well as determine what kind of childbirth there will be and what problems may arise.

Screening during pregnancy is an opportunity to find out if your baby is healthy, whether it is developing correctly. It is necessary to pay tribute to the specialists who developed this technique. Now every mother can know how her baby will be born.

Related news

  • Healthy schoolboy spine: 3 doctor'
  • Proud SA lady wins Mandela100scholarship to top African university
  • Point of View (Lora183)
  • Is it possible to watermelon during pregnancy
  • Judge Nkola Motata denies making racist remarks at scene of drunk driving accident
  • Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why

    Screening during pregnancy: when, how, and why