Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

There are common stages for the development of speech for all children, and each parent wants to know at what age the child will utter the first word, and when he begins to speak "as an adult."The development of speech for each child is a rather individual phenomenon, but we will introduce you to some of the main points today.

Preparatory, preverbal stage of development

2-4 month - the stage of "walking"

AT2-3 monthsthe baby reacts to mom and dad who approach or appeal to him and actively "gulit". This “revitalization complex” is the beginning of the formation of dialogic speech. The baby listens to the mother, her speech, and when she pauses, as if in response, she begins to “roar”, then pauses, pausing during which the mum enters the dialogue.

Read also: Human speech is formed in early childhood

5-8 months - babbling stage

TO5-6 months“Gooling” is replaced by babbling in children, the child is already able to make sounds that resemble syllables. Such words consist of a combination of vowel and consonant sounds: dya-dya-dya-dya, tya-tya-tya-tya, ay-ay-ay-ay-ay-ay, etc.

AT7-8 monthsA leprous child attempts to imitate the speech of adults, but so far, due to the immaturity of the speech apparatus and brain centers, it can imitate only intonations.

Around this same period, the infant begins to use to communicategestures and facial expressionsFor example, a smile, a look in the eyes of an adult serve as an impulse to communicate. A child can already understand individual words or phrases.

Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years old - image №1

Read also: Child's speech development: where to start?

Formation of a passive dictionary

9 - 14 month

After8-9 monthsIn parallel with the growth of the child’s understanding of the meaning, the meaning of everything around him, and the events that take place around him, he begins to more fully understand the meanings of adult speech.

In this agepassive dictionarychild - the words that he understands, is actively replenished and becomes much wider and, than hisactive dictionary- the words that he says. The accumulation of words in the passive dictionary helps the child’s transition toself speech.

Childto 12 monthsconsciously uses several words, his vocabulary averages 5-6 words, he understands simple instructions (drink, lie down, go), shows familiar words in the picture (kitty, dog), knows what sounds animals make (cow, horse).

Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years old - image №2

Read also: How to teach a child to speak: simple and effective tips

Formation of an active dictionary

1.5 - 3 years

The most active speech of the child develops in the agefrom 1.5 to 3 years. Psychologists call this period sensitive, that is sensitive to speech. At this age, speech develops in several directions at once: the child learns to build phrases correctly, masters the pronunciation of sounds, learns to express his thoughts coherently. Is formedactive dictionarybaby

At this age, talk as much as you can to the tot, name the items with which you play, and also comment on what is happening: your actions, the actions of the child himself and other people.

Our forumwomanLubashatells: “My daughter, at the age of two and a half years, didn’t really want to talk, but we have a whole family of silent people, and I didn’t expect much talkativeness from her. But here in the summer our mother-in-law came to visit us, and she’s one of us who cannot imagine themselves without communication. Personally, I sometimes get tired of her, but for our Katya, communication with Valentina Sergeyevna became a speech breakthrough! The mother-in-law did not get tired to comment every second on everything she did and constantly communicated with her granddaughter,they went for a walk together and on a walk, according to her husband, Valentina Sergeyevna also did not stop talking about everything around Kate. After a month of her stay with us, the child spoke, for which she thanks a lot! ”

Answer all the children's questions, but try to speak in such a way that the little tot understands you. Do not oversimplify your vocabulary, because the crumbs need to constantly hear new and new words. Periodically play "misunderstanding", as if pushing the baby to explain to you what is happening.

Read books, poems and fairy tales, look at pictures and call what is painted, ask questions, discuss, ask the child not only to show, but also to name what he sees. Remember: speech exercises practice!

Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years old - image №3

Read also: Stages of child’s speech development from one to three years

AT18 monthsA child’s vocabulary can consist of 10–15 words, mostly nouns. The child speaks quickly enough, sometimes inventing his own words, can show 1-2 parts of the body. At this age, many of the information children derive from the intonation, facial expressions and gestures of adults.

AT20-22 monthsthe child uses two-word phrases, starts asking simple questions, the child’s vocabulary is 15-20 words. The baby can say his name and how old he is.At this age, the child understands speech is still incomplete, fragmentary, and is much better oriented in familiar words, repetitive actions or situations.

AT24 months (2 years)a child can name several objects from his environment, can make clear his intentions with the words “yes” and “no”, knows several pronouns, for example “my”, “my”, “your”, knows how to use the prepositions “in”, “ under "," above ", can name their body parts. The child’s vocabulary is about 50 words.

Read also: Child's Vocabulary: Norms from one to two years

AT30 months (2 years and 6 months)the baby is already familiar with the concept of quantity, understands the difference between the words "one" and "two", the child can accurately show in the picture "who is sitting", "who is standing", "who is singing", "who is running", starts asking questions like " what is it? ”,“ who is it? ”. Active vocabulary is about 100-150 words.

Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years old - image №4

AT36 months (3 years)the child’s speech is already understandable to others, the baby is able to talk coherently about simple events, knows all the main parts of the body and can show them, actively uses verbs and conjunctions in speech. The dictionary of the child is 250-300 words and more.

Inna Bass, speech therapist“Parents often wait until the child is 3 years old, and he will speak himself, but these expectations are rarely met, and the loss is more difficult to catch up. If the parents do not help the child to master it at an early age, this can lead to the appearance of a number of consequences of speech underdevelopment. It is best to manage the process of mastering speech at an early age, during the babble period. Often, the reason for the child’s long silence is that the parents do not always have time to study with the child, and sometimes they simply don’t have enough desire. ”

Read also: If a child speaks poorly ...

Remember that all the above data is rather approximate, approximate, so if the speech development of your child is different - no reason to worry,each baby develops individually. The main task of parents is to work on the development of the child’s speech and we have a few simple recommendations on how to do this.

Talk to your childas much as possible, say all the events happening around and your actions, remember that the child repeats all the words after you, and if you are silent - he has nothing to repeat.

Don't guess. Give the child the opportunity to speak for himself, do not guess everything he wants. The baby does not have any sense to start talking, if the mother understands from the movement of his eyes that he wants to swing or eat this apple.

Study your own body. Together with the baby, try to learn where the nose, mouth and eyes are, show it on all relatives and your favorite bear. Try to draw a human figure together with your child, it is a great way to study body parts, combining speech development and work on the development of fine motor skills.

Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years old - image №5

Finger gymnastics. You do remember that the development of his child’s fine motor skills depends on the development of his speech? Therefore, in order to make the movements of the baby's fingers free, sculpt from clay, fold the pyramids, unfasten and unfasten the buttons, and deal with the lacing.

We train together. Organize joint business with the child, for example, together we wipe the dust, water the flowers, make dumplings or dismantle the box with old things. During the joint activities, comment on your actions, tell what exactly and why you need to do, what benefits it will bring.

Expanding horizons.

Related news

  • Vladimir Kuzmin announced his divorce from his young wife after 17 years of marriage
  • Before you change her, this is what you should know
  • New ridiculous video with Volochkova infuriated fans
  • Features of the immunity of the newborn and its protection
  • Julia Roberts shared the secret of a happy marriage
  • Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

    Stages of speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years