We all know the cultural capital of Russia -St. Petersburg. And, of course, everyone knows how many interesting places there are. This article is intended for travelers who want to see more in less time. Here we will consider the place with the largest number of cultural values of the city and the sights of Nevsky Prospekt of St. Petersburg.
Nevsky Prospekt is the most famous andthe main of the streets of St. Petersburg. In its significance for the residents of the city, it is comparable to Arbat for Muscovites. It stretches for 4.5 kilometers from the Alexander Nevsky Square with the Alexander Nevsky Lavra to the Admiralty.
Together with the founding of St. Petersburg beganthe construction of the monastery, later became the Alexander Nevsky Lavra, and, accordingly, the people began to settle nearby, so it became possible to reunite the city center with the newly growing region.
In 1712, at the behest of the emperor,clear the way to the monastery from the Admiralty, and the monks began to build a passage from the monastery. After six years from the beginning of the construction of the annals of those times show that the road was already laid, although in the process it was necessary to overcome certain difficulties, including swamps. Nevertheless, the heaviest areas near the monastery were passed ahead of schedule. Due to the fact that the road was erected from two sides, a characteristic fissure appeared in the vicinity of the present Uprising Square.
The road after the construction of bridges quickly becamein demand. In early 1716, under the decree of Peter the Great, a bridge was built "on the Fountain River on Pershpektiva". The police lift bridge was built according to the recollections of eyewitnesses somewhere in 1717-1720, and in the future it served as a city border, on which they collected tribute in Mytny Dvor, next to Gostiny Dvor.
After April 20, 1738, the town planning council of St. Petersburg decided to name the road "Nevskaya Pershpektiva". And the name "Nevsky Prospekt" was fixed only in 1783.
At the beginning of the 20th century, along Nevsky Prospekt it was possible to ride a tram.
Today it is the very center of public lifecities. Here and nearby are museums, theaters, exhibition halls, cinemas, a large number of restaurants, cafes, shops and hotels, as well as other sights of Nevsky Prospekt of St. Petersburg. In order to see them, and the whole day is not enough. But it's very convenient that they are all close to each other.
Well, here we have reached the description of the most important thing. So, the sights of Nevsky Prospect of St. Petersburg, photos and, of course, a description of them further in the article.
The Winter Palace not only admires itssize, but also a solemn view. He rushes up two-story columns and statues. The turquoise color of the facades, the whiteness of the columns and the gilding of the stucco molding magnifies the splendor of the structure.
The palace was built by a great architect, for which he receivedrank Major-General and the Order of St. Anne. Unfortunately, Rastrelli did not manage to realize all his ideas in the decoration of rooms: Catherine II dismissed him. Subsequent to this deal with feuilleton, Quarenghi, Starev.
The area of the palace ensemble with its parameters is impressive - 60,000 square meters, and not less than 1,000 rooms, 117 various staircases.
After the completion of the construction, the Winter Palace becamethe dominant residence of the emperors of Russia - it was here that solemn receptions, balls, concerts were held. In the gold fund, the attributes of the imperial power were kept.
In 1837 a great fire broke out, which continuedquite a long time and destroyed almost the entire palace. Many values were able to be saved - they were simply taken out and put together in a pile near the Alexander Column. When the flame was stopped, the palace was preserved only in the outer walls and the ceiling of the first floor. But under the leadership of Stasov and Bryullov it was restored, and today we have the opportunity to enjoy one of the magnificent buildings.
Kazan Cathedral was built for 10 years bythe project of architect A.N. Voronikhin. In the central part of this landmark Nevsky Prospekt St. Petersburg there is a tall drum with windows, which is crowned by a light dome.
The interior is planned so that from every point of the cathedral it is possible to see the altar.
After the victory over the Napoleonic troops, the cathedralbecame a symbol of Russian military glory. August 10, 1812 - a landmark date for the Kazan Cathedral, where a solemn prayer service took place, and the next day, the newly appointed commander-in-chief M.I. Kutuzov. He presented to the Kazan Cathedral 655,200 kilograms of silver, seized by our soldiers from the French, robbing the churches of Russia.
The house on Nevsky Prospekt, 20 is aThe Dutch Church of St. Petersburg. It originated here in 1732 at almost the same time as other Lutheran cathedrals. In its final version, the church was built in 1833. The following year it was consecrated. Since 1927 the church in connection with atheism, propagandized in the Soviet Union, was closed. In 1936, on the site of this Nevsky Prospect sightseeing in St. Petersburg, a library named after A.A. Block.
On Nevsky Prospekt also locatedfamous throughout the country "House of the Book." This is practically the largest bookstore in the city. In this interesting and unusual sight of Nevsky Prospect of St. Petersburg you can buy books for every taste.