"Thirty-three cows, the verse was born new ..."Remember the song about the little poet?
It is about the games in rhyme today and we'll talk. These games are not just fun pastime. This means of development and speech, and imagination, and substandard creative thinking of the baby.
To write poems, you need to be able to observe, notice the brightest and most unusual around, be able to select expressive words and, most importantly, be able to rhyme. And let the small “inspired rhymes” not become great poets (though, who knows!), But they will get great pleasure from the very process of creation, from the joy of creating their own poem. And what unusual and figurative poems can be written by a child! No wonder that Korney Chukovsky said: “At the beginning of life, we are all poets and only then gradually we begin to speak in prose.”
There is one more nuance. It is no secret that many modern children do not like to read poetry.But they love to write them! So let's use this to raise a great reader from a little writer!
Poems and Babies
Starting to read even a little baby nursery rhymes and poteshki, we do a great and important thing. And it does not matter that the baby does not understand the meaning of the read. The importance is not in that.
Reading, from early childhood, we open for the child the beauty and melody of one's own speech, instill love of words, learn to understand rhyme and size. A kid grown up on “quality” children's poems will most likely not lose interest in poetry in the future. In the first rhyme games we play intuitively with the child, not even perceiving them as games. Reading the familiar poem, we stop at the end of the line, giving the chance to the tiny one to utter the familiar word. And he copes with it. As the child grows, his vocabulary becomes more and more. And if you read and read a lot of different poems, a 2-3 year old child may well play the game “Tell me a word” with you. For this game, use unfamiliar quatrains with simple, easily guessed rhymes. Good and riddles, in which the otgadka steals up in rhyme.And do not rush to answer for the baby. Give him the opportunity to find the right answer.
If you don’t have a book with riddles or poems at your fingertips, you can come up with rhyming tongues right on the go. They help the child to feel the rhythm of the verse. I often play this game with my youngest daughter:
- Cha-cha-cha, we were at ...
- Doctor! - happily picks up Masha.
“Ms. Madam, they found in the forest ...”
- From-from-by, purrs red ...
- Ib-ib-ib, I grew up in a small forest ...
- Mib! -Here are the ones on! The situation was not entirely clear to Masha, because we often say not “mushroom”, but “fungus”. That daughter and invented a word in rhyme, but absolutely nothing meaningful. And in order to avoid any “mibs”, pick up situations that are well-understood by the child, and then the word otgadka will ask for the tongue itself. And then you can complicate. And praise, be sure to praise in any case! Because non-standard thinking is great! Why not some “mibu” grow under the Christmas tree? Who knows…
Versification- A wonderful lesson during the road to kindergarten or standing in a long line. And time will help pass the time, and the benefits are undoubted.You can compose poems just by looking around: what I see, I sing about it. And by all means by turns: line mom, line baby.
On the path we go
We will not fall for anything!
A little bee flies over the flower.
The bangs prevent me from watching ...
We play a poem
It so happens that the baby can not rhyme words. Well, he does not understand what rhyme is and that's it. Try to do the following. Take some well-known poem and retell it in your own words. For example, like this:
The mistress threw a rabbit.
Bunny stayed in the rain.
Could not get off the bench,
Getting wet all the way up.
Ask the kid: is this a poem? Not! And why? Yes, because there is no rhyme in it. Now rearrange the words, and everything falls into place. Find with the baby rhyming words: hostess, bunny, could not get wet. Play this rearranged game, first “spoiling” the poem, and then correcting it.
For this game, we need palms. You say a few words, and the child should clap his hands if there is a rhyme, and lift the knobs up if the words do not rhyme.Sand-toe: clap! Table-chair: handles up! Such a game very quickly helps the baby to figure out what's what.
"The fourth is superfluous"
You name four words, and the child must choose the one that does not rhyme with the other three. For example, in the chain “mimosa, birch, goat, splinter”, an extra word, of course, “goat”.
For children who can read, you can make a lotto. Take a stack of thick paper “for writing” sheets and write a large one word each. Choose them so that every 3-4 words rhyme. We start to play. Cards are mixed and distributed to players of 10 pieces. The beginner of the game puts any of his cards on the table and reads the word out loud. Each player chooses from his cards those where there are words rhyming with the name. Then the next player in a circle puts his card on the table and reads the word, and the rest spread the cards with the words-rhymes, if they have them. Wins the one who first left without cards.
"Catch a rhyme"
You throw a ball to the kid and call the word, and he should return the ball to you and answer with a rhyme: watch-whiskers, squirrel-plate, etc. You can throw a ball and rhyme one word, making up a chain: cat-midge-spoon-brooch-okroshka, etc. And it does not matter what happens immediately.A little workout, and there will be wonderful and unusual rhymes. By the way, these games are much more fun to play with the company of kids, for example, at a children's birthday party or during a walk. And we often play with the whole family in the car, choosing a word and coming up with rhymes for it one by one until someone's imagination is exhausted. In such a family competition, it is appropriate to call and not very used words, such as a rocker or a gripper, and at the same time explain their meaning to the child. But Dad doesn’t have much rhyming, and more and more often he chooses wonderful rhymes like “brother-cousin”.
But the game is for older kids. Indeed, it often happens that moms and dads do not know what to play with the grown up child. But our little schoolchildren are eager to play and communicate with us as much as the little ones.
The game “Nonsense” came from my childhood. There was a period when we enthusiastically played it not only at recess, but also, what is there to hide, in class. I think that this game is familiar to you. Several players (maybe two, but the more the better) take on a piece of paper. Closing your sheet with your hand from prying eyes, write any phrase on top, for example: “Once at our desk” or “Once, in the icy winter season”.Then fold the sheet so that the writing was closed, and pass in a circle, telling the neighbor the last word in the line. Now the task of the players is to write the next line to rhyme with the previous one. Then the sheet is again folded and passed on. This continues until the end of the sheet or until you get bored. Then the sheet is unfolded and read what is written out loud. All players roll with laughter, because senseless, but very funny combinations are obtained. Well, she is nonsense. And if you dare to play this game with the whole family on a rainy autumn evening, you are in a good mood, despite the sad weather.
Our next fun is charades. In them, the given word is divided into several parts, each of which is an independent word: F-salt, top-ears, etc. In the old children's magazines this useful game was given a lot of space. And not without reason. Charades - a great task for intelligence and erudition. Guessing such puzzles helps to better understand the native language and its diversity. And we will try charades to compose, and then guess their dad. Let him break his head! There are many varieties of charades. The most popular among them is the anagram.In it, the word is found by rearranging the letters. Here is an example:
To the seas and oceans
I let the fountains.
On the contrary you will write -
In the watch you hear me.
In order to write an anagram, you need to pick up a couple of words first, and then on the basis of it to come up with a poem-explanation. There are a great many of such pairs, but here you have to begin with: a pump-pine, a lin-saw, a clever tsunami, a can-boar, a breath-in, a mosquito-daisy, a carp park, a hair-word.
Let's play in a burime?
In addition to the games described, there are others that came to us from ancient times, when any well-educated person was a little bit a poet. Such poems were written in a circle of close people, were used as gifts to friends.
"Burime(from the French. bout - end, rime - rhyme) - this is a fun game, a poetic task, where you need to write poems into predetermined rhymes. It is interesting to play it with the whole family, reading their works one by one. And this is not just entertainment, but a useful activity, developing creativity, a sense of humor, expanding vocabulary. Burime rhymes should be unexpected and a bit strange. The main requirement for the future poem: common sense and humor.For kids, use rhymes easier: bunny, flock, casket, bun. Here is what can happen:
In the clearing out hare.
He sees - there is a bluebird flock.
He opened his casket,
Gave tits with poppy loaf.
And then you can and more difficult: in the zoo, business-hot-chalk. It is interesting to play in the burima using rhymes from famous children's poems. Well, let's try to make up our own version of the chain: half-paw-throw-good or in mink-silence-peel-candles. And you can play "guessing" by asking your child to remember in which poem these rhymes met.
One of the varieties of the boom ismonorim(from Greek. monos - one and French. rime - rhyme). In this game, one word base is taken, and the whole poem must be built on the same rhyme. You can come up with lines in turn. For example, choose the word “duck” and write this poem:
Once upon a time there was a duck
She loved forget-me-nots.
They bloomed in her stomach.
And this, you know, not a joke!
Once to visit for a minute ...
... well, and so on.
Surely it will be interesting for the kid to compose with you.acrostic.This is a poem in which each line begins with a specific letter. If you read these letters in a row, then you should get some word:
BUTx, does not listen to me!
Try to beat the name of the baby and his friends or come up with an acrostic as a gift to dad or grandmother.
A kind of acrostic istautogram,in which all words begin with the same letter. Here is where a large vocabulary is required:
A purple petal is flying,
Light summer shred ...
If you manage to interest your child in rhyme games, in the future it will be of great use to him. To write funny wishes for the birthday of a loved one, to remake a song at a school holiday, to come up with anagrams for a student's KVN - where you just don't need the ability to write poetry.
And most importantly - the child will be able to express in his work his non-standard, his amazing inner world, whose name is childhood.