Ureaplasma

Ureaplasma

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Ureaplasma- A specific bacterium that causes the disease Ureaplasmosis - an inflammatory process in the urinary system of the body. Ureaplasma carriers are most often women. In men, this microorganism is also found, but much less often.

How is it transmittedureaplasma

Ureaplasma virus is transmitted in the following ways:

  • during intercourse;
  • during the use of personal hygiene items by the person carrying the ureaplasma;
  • when using the public toilet (non-sterile toilet seats);
  • from mother to child at birth.

Very often, the bacteria are in an inactive state in the carrier's body, but when the balance of microorganisms is disturbed or after immunological deterioration, the amount of ureaplasma in the body increases, which causes ureaplasmosis.

If, after the infection of an organism, the bacteria are in an active state, then the symptoms of the disease begin to appear already after two weeks.

Ureaplasma can cause:

  • cystitis - inflammation of the bladder;
  • urethritis - inflammation of the urethra;
  • prostatitis - inflammation of the prostate gland;
  • pyelonephritis - inflammation of the kidneys;
  • endometritis - inflammation of the uterine mucosa;
  • salpingitis - inflammation of the fallopian tubes;
  • infertility in both women and men;
  • urolithiasis.

Symptoms of ureaplasma in women

  • vaginal discharge (usually transparent and odorless);
  • frequent urination, in which there is pain or a burning sensation;
  • pain in the lower abdomen that resembles cramps
  • pain during intercourse.

Symptoms of ureaplasma in men

  • also clear discharge from the urethra (urethra);
  • burning and pain when urinating;
  • frequent urination;
  • symptoms of prostatitis.

Diagnosis of ureaplasma

To diagnose the presence of ureaplasma in the human body, use such methods:

  • enzyme immunoassay;
  • direct and indirect immunofluorescence (immune response to the virus);
  • PCR diagnostics (Polymerase chain reaction - a genetic study of a biomaterial, through which both hereditary and infectious diseases are effectively detected);
  • bacteriological seeding.

Ureaplasma treatment

The presence of ureaplasma does not mean the presence of diseases that this bacterium causes. Only after confirming the diagnosis of one of them, the doctor will prescribe the necessary treatment.

But if the amount of ureaplasma in the body exceeds the permissible rate, antibiotics of the class of macrolides (lack of toxic drugs) and fluoroquinolones will be assigned to the patient.

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