Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

An ardent opponent of surrogate motherhood, TheGuardian reporter Julie Bindel, went to India to learn more about this practice, which brings 690 million pounds a year. Following the trip, she wrote a report on how surrogate motherhood clinics are organized in India.

In Ahmedabad, Gujarat, my driver is looking for one of the IVF clinics. We are turning into a busy street and I see a very distinct sign on the almost destroyed wall "Children from the test tube."
I climb the muddy stairs and enter the small, dark reception room. In the next room I notice a hospital gurney and a lot of metal Petri dishes, tweezers and injection needles, just lying on the shelf.

Dr. Rana leads me into the office without a single window. We have not had time to sit down, as he actively began to talk about changes in the surrogate policy of India.
In October last year, authorities banned surrogate motherhood clinics to conduct embryo transfer to foreigners.This was due to the proposed changes in the law, imposing restrictions on surrogate motherhood among Indian couples, or if at least one partner is a citizen of India.

Upon learning that neither I nor the woman who pretended to be my husband's sister, had any citizenship, Dr. Rana sent us to Thailand.

"There, of course, it will cost twice as much, but they will even allow you to choose the sex of the child, for which many will leave India."

Having heard a lot about the familiar procedure of surrogate motherhood here, I decided to come myself to understand the local system “Free womb”.

Read also:10 myths about in vitro fertilization

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As I actively defend my feminist position and fight against sexual violence against women, in particular againstsex trade, I am sick of the thought of surrendering my queens for temporary use. Sitting in the clinic, seeing well-dressed women carrying their childbearing services, I have only one thought in my head: how desperate you need to be in order to carry children for money.

From other opponents of the uterus for rent, I learned that many surrogate mothers were forced to this by husbands and pimps.Watching a smiling girl at the reception desk filling out forms on behalf of potentialparent parents, I can only guess about that abyss, wonder of the sufferings and pain that women will go through, which will ultimately be regarded only as a vessel.

Poor girls and desperate Indian women are rarely stigmatized for this choice, although they are not always the same. Many women do not leave the house while they are carrying a child, since a surrogate pregnancy is not considered a worthy way to earn money, especially for women in rural India.
Commercial surrogacy is illegal in many countries: Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Spain. In India, however, this business, built on sexual, racial and class inequality, is not only legal, but also generates income of 690 million pounds per year.

Read also:“Everything is strange here”: Ukrainian about surprises of Swedish medicine and childbirth in Sweden

Surrogate mothers are paid about £ 4,500 for renting their uterus in the clinic I visited, which is a huge amount for a resident of the country, where the average salary for 2012 was $ 215, and one fifth of the population lives below the poverty line.Clinics earn up to 18,000 pounds from their wards. The cost of surrogate motherhood and childbirth in India is about five times less than the amount known in the United States.
All surrogate mothers, as a rule, come from poor families, implanted and tested for the presence of hereditary diseases. Eggs are taken from women under 25 years of age, as a rule, with higher education.

All surrogate mothers, wards of this clinic, indicate what and when to eat and drink; women are constantly monitored for medication and maintaining personal hygiene.

Such "viviparous colonies" are built for the money raised by such clinics, accommodating up to 10 surrogate mothers.

I decided to visit a clinic in Gujarat, one of the most religious states in India - also known as the capital of a surrogate business - pretending to be a woman who needs a surrogate mother and an egg donor in order to better understand the matter. I wanted to be able to rely on facts, raising the topic of human rights violations and fighting for the right to change these activities around the world.

surrogate mothers

I was told that they usually involve several surrogate mothers,so that at least one egg has a result, and if a situation arises with two women who become pregnant, an abortion can always be done.

surrogate mothers

The same thing happens if you put several eggs in one surrogate mother - the unnecessary are aborted.

Every year about 12,000 foreigners, mostly British, come to India to hire a surrogate mother.

"We will show you the catalog and you can easily find the right surrogate mother."

Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India - image №2

The second clinic in my track record is in the suburb of Ahmedabad, the largest city in the state.

After talking with the girl at the reception, they introduce me to the administrator, who is starting to study my medical history. I say that I would like to receive donor eggs and surrogate motherhood services. In response, I hear: "This is all in our competence, you have come to the right place."

I ask whether the surrogate mothers live in a certain hostel, as shown on television, to which I see a shake of the head. I was told that I can pay for the mother’s accommodation for the next 9 months or, in order to save money, I can pay in part, and then she will be sent home.

In each of the clinics that I visit, I ask how much the surrogate mother will pay. No one told me the exact number, but one doctor told me that women in 9 months receive6 yearincome.

At 11 o'clock in the morning, on the eve of Diwali, an ancient Hindu festival of light, one of the clinics is just crowded with visitors. Those gathered here, they want to become surrogate mothers, and those who are not proficient, ask the nurse to fill in the necessary forms.

Also present are well-dressed, smiling wives, accompanied by husbands who are waiting for reception. Some women use to become surrogates; some of them are seemingly illiterate, ask the receptionist to fill out forms for them. At least 150 women with access to IVF visit the clinic every month.

Read also:Birth Stories: Newborns in Britain Discharge 6 Hrs After Delivery

I was refused in this clinic. According to the doctors, "due torespecting human rights, the government has now forbidden us to provide such services. Perhaps this is because children are mistreated. ” I had never heard of cases of mistreatment of children due to surrogate motherhood, but I heard about refusals from a newborn.In 2012, an Australian couple abandoned one of the twins born to an Indian surrogate mother because they could not afford to raise two children.

The next morning, I was assigned to a third clinic, to see Dr. Mehta. I fill out regular forms, describe the history of my infertility and pay the required 1,500 rupees ($ 15) for a reception. I tell Dr. Mehta that my friend Lisa, with whom we travel together, has Indian roots and is ready to take on the role of a surrogate mother for me, with the subsequent transfer of the child to me. I also ask a couple of questions about donor eggs and the criteria for choosing a donor.

“The eggs come to us from an anonymous donor. You can express preferences, such as height or hair color, but you have to trust the clinic, ”says Dr. Mehta. “The donor will not know who got her eggs, and you will not know the name of the donor. In our catalog you can choose a surrogate mother to your taste, later we will acquaint you with her. ”

All four doctors I met in Gujarat said that the temporary displacement from home was bad for women, but they were all ready to arrange it in the best possible way. For a fee, of course.

“We can do it if you want, but you have to pay,” says Dr. Mehta. “We do not want to separate the surrogate mother from her family, because if she lives 2–9 months in a separate room and a different environment, this can affect her mental health.”

Before that, I heard that women are forced into surrogacy by their husbands or even pimps, which Dr. Mehta asked.
“We do not accept a woman for a surrogate motherhood without the consent of her husband. But we also do not pay the full cost of the service until the child is born. The client pays the money immediately, but the mother receives it when the child is transferred. We also allocate certain amounts so that a woman can control the pregnancy and successfully have a baby. ”

surrogate mother

Dr. Mehta admits that they provide surrogate mothers with medications that prevent lactation, so that a woman with her child does not have any kind of connection.

surrogate mother

“Milk will simply not be, so it does not mean much to a child.”

Many women sell breast milk to future parents of the child, thanks to the existing system of sucking breast milk in the clinic.And others agree to feed the child, despite the possible occurrence of affection.

Indian Artificial Fertilization Community plans to demand non-acceptance of the law by the Indian government. “IVF brings in millions of dollars,” says Dr. Rana.

In another clinic, located in a dilapidated building between the garage and the electrical parts store in the east of Ahmedabad, I meet with Dr. Amin. There are no windows in his office either, but on the walls are pictures of newborns and thankful postcards fromparent parents.

Dr. Amin gives me a few photos of potential surrogate mothers, introducing me to the prices for donor eggs - “Caucasian donors, 2500–3000 pounds, Indian, 1000 pounds“.

Mothers during pregnancy live at home, but are under constant supervision. “I do not allow women to live in a dorm for surrogate mothers. I think the husband is the best caretaker. He also takes part in the process and knows how to take care of his woman. It would be difficult for me to control women if they were away from home, even if they all live in a common hostel, I don’t know what and how is happening there. ”

I ask if women are exposed to domestic violence during pregnancy.

“This has happened before, but rarely. Last year there was a case of beating a surrogate mother with her own husband. She came to us, all in tears, so we immediately placed her in our room. But after giving birth, she had to go back home. ”

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According to Dr. Amin, surrogate mothers for this clinic are most often selected from representatives of the middle or upper class. “Recently, we hired three Brahmin caste girls, a privileged caste, for service and all of them are educated. In total, we have about 25% of the representatives of this class. About 85% also come from well-to-do families. ”

I suspect that this is a lie, since the study of oppositional surrogate motherhood groups shows that mainly poor women from lower castes are becoming surrogate mothers.

We began to discuss recent changes in the law and Dr. Amin told me about the surrogate motherhood clinic in Hyderabad, which allowed us to get five children from five separate mothers of onegay couple. Since 2013, same-sex couples are prohibited from providing surrogate services in India, but according to one of the doctors, this process is not controlled in Delhi or in some other places, and therefore continues.

Before I got up and headed for the exit.The doctor pointed me to a picture of a white woman with a black child in her arms. She chose an Indian egg donor. I was surprised, although perhaps her partner is also from India. But the doctor, taking a shining look, taking Rs 1,500 per reception and pointing out, disrespects me: "No, she just wanted a child with dark hair."

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  • Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India

    Uterus rental: report from surrogate motherhood clinic in India